The purpose of this website: helping you learn to play the piano.  Building a strong foundation of piano-playing skills will lead to a lifetime of piano-playing joy.

The Major And Minor Scales

For the pianist, as well as all other instrumentalists, the major and minor scales are the very foundation for musical understanding, as well as mastery of the instrument. Mastering the scales on any instrument will not only help you know your instrument, it will also provide you a knowledge base for learning music and even composing your own music.

Learning scales using a piano keyboard is helpful because it offers the most vivid imagery of each scale. Thus, learning the scales on the piano helps any musician's understanding of how every scale is constructed.

This page will simply link you to a comprehensive listing of the scales, with easy to read images of the notes on the keyboard with piano fingerings, and the notes on the written staff.


Learn to play the scales slowly, and hands-separately, at first. Then learn to play them with both hands and gradually build to faster tempos. This does not happen overnight. (Give yourself a few years to master the scales at fast tempos.)  Include arpeggios, cadences, and Burlesque (a simple tune) for a complete daily routine that acts as a multi-vitamin for your piano-playing health. For demonstrations, go to SACB.

(For an in depth practice plan for scales, go to "How To Practice Piano" .)

A thorough knowledge and mastery of the scales will benefit every musician tremendously.  Find a complete and solid argument for scales on the piano in the book mentioned here...

For a more complete understanding of how to build your piano-playing foundation,  read

"Piano Player... You".

For the most direct, organized, and progressive path to learning to play the piano, start

the Piano Skills Foundation series of piano lessons.


major and minor scales:The Major Scales

Major Scales I (C Major & the "flat" keys)

Major Scales II (the "sharp" keys)

The Minor Scales

The A minor Scales

The B-flat Minor Scales

The B Minor Scales

The C Minor Scales

The C-sharp Minor Scales

The D Minor Scales

The E-flat Minor Scales

The D-sharp Minor Scales

The E Minor Scales

The F Minor Scales

The F-sharp Minor Scales

The G Minor Scales

The G-sharp Minor Scales

Octave Scales

You will also want to incorporate octave scales into your practice routine.

-click here to learn about octave scales-

Other topics related to scales:

Piano Chords Learn the chords on the piano from the most basic to the more complex. Also explore arpeggios, inversions, voicings, cadences, and progressions.

Key Signatures

A simple chart of the key signatures for reference and/or memorization.

Piano Exercises
From basic exercises for beginners to advanced exercises, this page offers some advice and resources for developing your technique using the incredible array of exercises available to pianists. Take careful note of the practice tips.

Reading Music Mastering the scales will greatly enhance your music reading at the piano. If you have not started developing your music reading skills, get started now using this plan.

-click here for more about scales-

If you want to see a blueprint for a successful piano journey...
"Piano Player... You"

A guide to building a solid and complete piano-playing foundation.

-Click here to learn more about this e-book-

If you would like a step-by-step guide to help you on your piano journey...

start working through

"The Piano Skills Foundation" piano lessons

-Click here to learn more about this piano course-

Go from "Major and Minor Scales" to "Free Piano Lessons"

Looking for some piano music?

I have found Sheet Music Plus to be a fantastic resource for piano books & other materials.  And they have instant digital downloads for thousands of individual pieces.

3 Ways To Support This Website

If you enjoy using and would like to help support it:

1. Buy the ebook, "Piano Player... You"

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